干货/国际会议论文摘要模板

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发表于 2019-9-7 12:29:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


会议论文,顾名思义,就是在会议等正式场合宣读首次发表的论文。会议论文也属于公开发表的论文,一般正式的学术交流会议都会出版会议论文集,这样发表的论文一般也会作为职称评定等考核内容。国内还有一个会议论文数据库,专门收集会议论文集的。会议论文集不是期刊,但是有的期刊会为会议论文出增刊。
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如果投稿英文版的国际会议论文,许多是需要摘要的。除了作者相关信息外,摘要的主题内容是全文的重点,本文列举了护理类会议论文摘要的书写模板,供大家参考使用。


***RESEARCH ABSTRACT SAMPLE***

Quantitative study(量性研究)

Title: Patterns of Herbal and Nutritional Supplement Use in a Medicare Managed Care Population
Purpose/Objective: This study describes the use of such supplements by Arizona Medicare managed care enrollees.
Background: Recent studies suggest that Americans are increasing their use of herbal (e.g.,saw palmetto, St. John’s Wort) and nutritional (e.g., glucosamine, melatonin) supplements, and vitamins/minerals to prevent illness and/or ameliorate disease symptoms.
Methods: Self-reported supplement, behavioral and attitudinal data were provided by managed care enrollees (n=827; 58.5% women, mean age 71.8 years (range 33-102); 65.5% married; 80.6% non-Hispanic White/11% African American/6.2% Hispanic). Logistic regression was used to assess predictors of the three categories of supplement use (herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, and vitamins/minerals) with significance set at p=0.05.
Results: Women were over twice as likely to report using vitamins and minerals (OR 2.18,p=0.002). Non-married (p=0.04) and non-smokers (p=0.05) were more likely to report nutritional supplement use. Ethnicity, age, and income were not predictive of supplement use in this population. Several behavioral and attitudinal variables were positively or negatively associated with use of supplements, however. For example, persons who ate few fresh fruits, vegetables, or milk products (p=0.006), or were not always able to shop, cook or feed themselves (p=0.02) were less likely to use vitamins and minerals. Persons who ate alone most of the time were over three times more likely to use herbal supplements (OR=3.20, p=0.03), while persons who felt “pretty
worthless” were more likely to use nutritional supplements (OR=3.25, p=0.04). Enrollees who reported feeling that “life was empty” (p=0.03) were less likely to use vitamins and minerals, while enrollees who felt “down in the dumps” cited more vitamin use (OR=1.51, p=0.02).
Conclusions: Findings support prior studies of increased supplement use by women. Patterns of use among this Medicare population are complex. Future studies need to address positive and negative attitude in conjunction with herbal and nutritional supplement use, and determine whether or not supplementation can play a role in improving attitudes that will foster healing and or quality of life.

***ABSTRACT SAMPLE***

Qualitative Study(质性研究)

Conventional and Alternative Provider World Views:Reductionism versus Holism
Background: Several studies have reported the prevalence, costs and reasons for
use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the United States. Few
studies have addressed differences in conventional and CAM provider viewpoints
that might account for the increased consumer interest in and use of CAM practices.
Objective: To explicate the world views of conventional and CAM providers.
Methods: This ethnographic study compared the world views of conventional (i.e.,
physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dietitians), and community-based CAM providers
(e.g., homeopath, naturopath, acupuncturists, yoga, mindfulness, tai chi
practitioners) based on brainstorming statements the practitioners provided for a
larger survey of patterns of use of CAM among military veterans.
Results: Groups were similar in their queries regarding training in, costs, and
knowledge of CAM. Conventional providers focused on concerns regarding adverse
effects of CAM, alternatives if CAM did not work, CAM/prescription interactions, and distrust of doctors as a motivator for CAM use. CAM providers, however,
emphasized holism, spirituality, active listening, lifestyle changes for illness
prevention, client responsibility for health, as well as health and wellness practice
guidelines.
Conclusions: These differences in world views may be explained, at least in part,
by the philosophical underpinnings of reductionism taught in traditional Western
medical schools, and holistic thought as an integral part of Eastern healing and
lifestyle practices. The Eight World Hypotheses framework integrates these two
broad world views.


来源:知护网
编译:王春燕

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